International Relations of the Asia-Pacific , 5: — Jeong, B. Keohane, R. Knight, M. Lee, C. Yonhap News , July 23 edition.
Lindenberg, M. Bloomfield, CT: Kumarian Press. Martinussen, J.
Ministry of National Defense White Paper on National Defense. Seoul: Ministry of National Defense. Ministry of Unification Open image in new window. Seoul: Utgo Publisher Open image in new window. Salmon, A. Cutting the Korean Discount. I have been adamantly opposed to North Korea's nuclear weapons programme ever since I became president. If there is the will to resolve the North Korean nuclear issue, it is not a difficult problem to solve.
Though the six-party talks are important, the issue cannot be resolved without the direct dialogue between the United States and North Korea.
An additional 30 countries in Africa, Asia, Europe, Central and South America were solely represented by locally-posted diplomats: Contact email: pmatthews isis. If market development in China, the Russian Far East, and Mongolia proceeds, economic complementarities between these economies and the more advanced market economies of Japan and South Korea are bound to translate the existing potential into visible benefits for producers and consumers in the regional markets. Additional panels and round tables were held according to participant category such as political leaders, policymakers, diplomats, economists and journalists. Sessions were held on the various financial and trade agreements in the region, prospects for the regional economy as the BRIC Brazil, Russia, India and China economies boom, and the security situation in East Asia. Participants agreed that the countries of East Asia should push for deeper integration of economies in the region in a strategic manner and that political will was the key to the success of such a goal.
The solution to this issue is for North Korea to completely dismantle its nuclear weapons, and the United States to provide security guarantees to North Korea and help North Korea advance into the international community. Because there is a lack of trust between the two countries, they must both act simultaneously or in parallel. And then, the six-party talks and the United Nations should support this decision.
The newly-strengthened EU could also contribute to this process. At the summit talks with Chairman Kim Jong-il on 15 June , I strongly advised him to improve relations with the United States, and to do that North Korea must, more than anything else, give up its weapons of mass destruction, including its nuclear weapons programme.
After I urged the two countries to meet, the United States and North Korea resumed dialogue through high-level talks. And there was significant progress. However, the change of government in the United States and the surfacing of the North Korean nuclear issue have aggravated the situation and led to the current stalemate. However, I am hopeful. I believe that North Korea is prepared to give up its nuclear weapons programme. President Bush has pledged repeatedly that the United States will resolve this issue peacefully.
He also gave me his word. We must all work together to ensure that the US-North Korea relations improves peacefully through dialogue. The Korean people are firmly opposed to any solution that involves using force on the Korean Peninsula. Of course, North Korea will also suffer detrimental consequences. Today, both sides possess weapons of mass destruction far more advanced than that of When North Korea completely dismantles its nuclear weapons program and its security is guaranteed, peace will be restored on the Korean Peninsula, and it will strengthen peace in Northeast Asia.
This, in turn, will contribute to peace in East Asia and the world as a whole. For more than 30 years, I have pursued the Sunshine Policy which emphasises the three-stage approach of peaceful coexistence, peaceful exchange and peaceful reunification. South Korea and North Korea should eliminate the icy breeze of the Cold War and let in the warm sun rays of reconciliation.
The two Koreas can coexist peacefully and, when both feel reassured, then reunification can be pursued. The countries around the world have supported my proposal, as have the United Nations. In fact, since the inter-Korean summit of , there has been remarkable progress. While only separated families were able to meet in the past half a century, the number has now swelled to 9, The number of civilians going to and fro has reached sixty thousand. And the railroad construction linking the two Koreas is in its final stage of completion. The Kaesong industrial complex in North Korea where South Koreans are investing is under construction.
Hundreds of thousand tons of fertilisers and grain are being sent to North Korea every year. Over thousand tourists have visited the Kumgang Mountain in North Korea. North Korea is gradually opening up its doors and pursuing economic reform.
The Northeast Asian security environment is closely linked to Korea's growth Asian Security Community and Northeast Asian economic development. Towards a Northeast Asian security community: implications for Korea's growth and economic development / Bernhard Seliger, Werner Pascha, editors Seliger.
Only in the s did the United States, Japan, and South Korea forge multilateral coordi- nation with respect to their approaches to North Korea, but the trilateral consultations were predicated on the division of the Korean Peninsula and not designed to facilitate multilateral cooperation. The six-party talks that emerged in in response to the North Korean nuclear crisis could lead to a lasting multilateral framework for regional security cooperation, but this is far from certain.
Finally, the presence of capitalist and socialist economic systems, highly developed and underdeveloped economies, and resource-rich and capital-rich countries rendered region-wide integration impossible.
Asymmetric economic needs and capabilities prevented the emergence of balanced exchanges of economic benefits through interdependence. In the absence of mutual trust at the state level and economic and social interaction in the private sector, free trade and other integrative schemes remained a distant goal. Naturally, therefore, traditional national security interests dominated non-traditional security concerns.
In the last decade, however, the cloud of history has begun to lift from the political landscape.
www.youronlinereviews.com/wp-content/wybimyb/rap-rastrear-celular.php The future-directed reorientation of Japanese-South Korean relations since the late s is evidence of this, as is the improvement of overall Russo-Japanese relations in recent years, notwithstanding the territorial disputes that still exist. Economic ties among most Northeast Asian countries have grown substantially as well. Even Japan and China, the two big powers that are still haunted by issues of history, have found their growing economic relations mutually beneficial. Moreover, civil society is developing in all Northeast Asian countries except North Korea, con- tributing to the growth of transnational ties among non-governmental groups and local organizations, some with enough political clout to influence national policies.
Global warming is another problem area in which multilateral cooperation is clearly in order, particularly among Japan, South Korea, and China, the three biggest sources of CO2 emissions in this region.
Most environmental problems in North- east Asia are being addressed through unilateral measures. There are multiple conferences and forums for discussion, as well as some technical cooperation and information exchange on bilateral and multilateral bases, but there are no regional frameworks with legally binding force. Resource scarcity and depletion and water resource problems also exist in Northeast Asia, and their solutions require international coopera- tion.
The development and use of coal and oil add to the environmental strain. The energy needs of Japan and China are expected to continue to grow, and there are already indications of com- petition between these giant economies for the natural gas supply. Desertification of agricultural land and shortage of water in China and Mongolia are also serious problems that require international cooperation. Migration and other movement of people across national borders pose human security threats in the region. The growing cross-border flow of people takes various forms, including legal and illegal labor migration, refugees, defectors, and human trafficking.
Together with international tourists and short-term visitors, the movement is having a visible impact on host communities. Racial discrimination, illegal employment, and prostitution associated with cross-border movements have serious human security implications for both foreign nationals and local citizens. Some raise real or potential diplomatic problems: Chinese migration to the Russian Far East, North Koreans defecting to China and other countries, Chinese workers and students illegally working in Japan and South Korea, Russian and other women who enter Japan, South Korea, and China on tourist visas and are forced or enticed into prostitution and other illegal forms of employment, often with the involvement of orga- nized crime.
These problems arise from the existence of marked gaps in economic opportunities and disparate demographic and population patterns in the countries of Northeast Asia. Drug and arms smuggling is another non-traditional security problem that requires international cooperation. The rise in illegal arms trade in Northeast Asia is largely a result of the break-up of the Soviet Union and its arms control structures.
North Korea is also a major source of illegal arms. Organized crime is involved in illegal arms transfer to markets in Japan and South Korea. Response to these problems has been largely unilateral and bilateral, with limited multilateral cooperation in Northeast Asia. Concealment and under-reporting of infection cases seriously affected public trust inside and outside China.
International cooperation, partly coordinated by the World Health Organization, eventually put a stop to what could have become a devas- tating global crisis, but not until the world had witnessed numerous preventable deaths. The —98 Asian financial crisis demonstrated the devastating effects of globalization for countries that are ill prepared to deal with the fast-paced inflow and outflow of international capital.